C. CONCRETE ACTIONS
C.1 Field implementation of the Action Plans (APs) for species and habitats
Through this action all APs for species and habitats formulated and formally approved in A.1 will be implemented in the field and before the project’s end. The action will be carried out on a national scale according to the provisions set out in the APs. Furthermore, an adaptive approach between their implementation and monitoring in Action D.3 will allow a regular review of the conservation process and foresee flexibility. Based on the selection of species/habitats targeted and the geographical extent, all necessary stakeholders and experts identified in A.4 will be actively involved.
C.2 Pilot implementation of NATURA 2000 site Management Plans (MPs) in four Greek Regions
This action entails the selection and actual implementation of several Natura 2000 site MPs that will be formulated/formally adopted through complementary funds. Pilot implementation of the MPs in the selected NATURA 2000 sites in the four participating Administrative Regions will be completed before the end of the project. Based on the selection of the specific Natura 2000 sites targeted for MPs implementation and the geographical extent, all necessary stakeholders and experts identified in A.4 will be actively involved. The action aims also to achieve close collaboration with landowners and stakeholder groups in or around the pilot implementation sites and to agree on the appropriate conservation means for the targeted species and habitats whilst respecting the local socio-economic and cultural context. The results of C.6 (MAES) will be also utilised in the enhancement of MPs achievements.
C.3 Development and Operation of a Decision Support System (DSS) for NATURA 2000 site management
This action foresees the development of a tool that will a) help nature administration managers and personnel of public services on a national, regional and local level to better monitor the status and condition of the Natura 2000 sites in Greece, b) provide guidelines, up-to-date information and knowledge, permission and authorization status, and c) facilitate and expedite the most appropriate responses of the competent authorities in management and licensing procedures in the Greek Natura 2000 network. The results of A.2 will be integrated in the DSS. This tool will constitute the geospatial Decision Support System (DSS) predominantly developed for administration officers involved in site, as well as species and habitat management and protection.
C.4 Creation of an interactive and interoperable Public Participation Geographic Information System (ppGIS)/webGIS for ecosystem services visualization and monitoring
The main objective of this action is to a) facilitate integration of the data mapped in action A.3 into actual land use planning decision processes, b) increase public awareness to mainstream ecosystem service information into policy and governance, and c) ultimately, contribute to ecosystem protection, conservation and management. Thus a custom developed ppGIS (public participation GIS) and webGIS system will be designed to provide interactive use of spatial data and geo referenced cartography, easily accessible even by smartphones or tablets. These IT platforms will empower local people, communities and nature conservation and management authorities to use geo-spatial information technologies and maps to communicate with each other in an effective way.
C.5 Stakeholder capacity building
The main objective of this action is capacity building of identified and prioritised stakeholders (Action
A.4) concerning the implementation needs of the Birds and Habitats Directive and in particular on the management needs of Natura 2000 and conservation priorities of protected habitats and species. The action will build on the project’s deliverables (methodologies, plans, maps, tools, etc.) and other available sources (legislation, EU guidance documents, past LIFE project deliverables, scientific research) in order to create thematic and/or regional cycles of innovative, engaging, practical, physical and virtual capacity building and training opportunities and therefore address identified needs, make use of available opportunities, facilitate the application of the proposed tools and support the project’s field actions. All material (presentations, webinars, publications, guidance documents, manuals, case studies, exercises, etc.) produced will be made widely available through actions E.1 and E.2 in order to ensure the highest level of outreach and transferability, improved access to available knowledge and systematic guidance.
C.6 Implementing Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystem Services (MAES) at pilot studies
This action will test and apply the MAES results produced in A.3, in selected pilot Natura 2000 sites of the four participating Administrative Regions, where the MPs will be implemented (Action C.2). It will thus provide a robust framework for multi-scale assessment of ES using different datasets in exquisitely important areas. These assessments will set conservation objectives, priorities and measures at the selected Natura 2000 site level through dedicated guidelines. MAES will be used to guide regional and local plans for specific management interventions and capture services directly related to smaller scale ecosystem processes, cultural ecosystem services and values.
C.7 Establishment of conservation objectives for SACs
This action aims at the development and legal adoption of conservation objectives for the habitat types listed in Annex I and the species listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC, for which sufficient knowledge is available. The methodology for assessing, updating and setting conservation objectives is based on the results of the Project “Horizontal technical and scientific coordination of surveillance studies and assessment of conservation status of species and habitat types in Greece and cross-utilization of results” (2015) as well as on new, available and complementary scientific data.